Edward Hesketh Gibbons Pearson (February 20, 1887 - April 9, 1964) was an English actor, theatre director and writer. He is known mainly for his popular biographies; they made him the leading British biographer of his time, in terms of commercial success.
He was a great-great-great nephew of Francis Galton, whom he described in Modern Men and Mummers.
He was born in Hawford, Claines Worcestershire, to a family with a large number of members in Holy Orders.
After the family moved to Bedford in 1896, he was educated at Orkney House School for five years, a period he later described as the only unhappy episode in his life, for the compulsive flogging beloved of its headmaster. At 14, he was sent to Bedford Grammar School, where he proved an indifferent student. Rebelling against his father's desire that he study classics in order to prepare himself for a career in Holy Orders, on graduation he entered commerce, but happily accepted his dismissal as a troublemaker when he inherited £1,000 from a deceased aunt. He employed the funds to travel widely, and on his return joined his brother's car business.
Conservative by temperament, he was a passionate reader of Shakespeare's plays, and a frequent theatre-goer. When his brother's business faced bankruptcy, he applied for a job with Herbert Beerbohm Tree, and began acting with that theatrical entrepreneur's company in 1911. A year later, he married Gladys Gardner, one of the company's actresses.
At the outbreak of World War I, Pearson enlisted immediately in the British Army but was soon invalided out when it was discovered that he suffered from tuberculosis. He volunteered for the Army Service Corps and was sent to Mesopotamia, whose climate was conducive to treatment for tuberculosis. He recovered from that malady while there, but contracted several other diseases, septic sores, dysentry and malaria and was close to death on three occasions. he attributed his survival to his practice of reciting long passages of Shakespeare while critically ill. He distinguished himself under fire, and on one occasion received a severe headwound from shrapnel. He was subsequently awarded the Military Cross. He returned to the stage after it was over, and in 1921, met Hugh Kingsmill, and encounter which, thanks to Kingsmill's charismatic friendship and influence, changed his life.
In 1926 the anonymously-published Whispering Gallery, purporting to be diary pages from leading political figures, caused him to be prosecuted for attempted fraud. He won the case.
He was a close friend and collaborator of Hugh Kingsmill and of Malcolm Muggeridge; Richard Ingrams' later biography of Malcolm Muggeridge [Muggeridge: The Biography ISBN 0-00-255610-3] claims Pearson had an affair with Kitty Muggeridge, at the beginning of the 1940s, when Malcolm was in Washington D.C..
^ Richard Ingrams, God's Apology,1977 chapter 3
^ Many of the biographical works obtained from a copy of Charles II published by Heinemann in the UK in 1960
Modern Men And Mummers (1921) which desctibes encounters with Francis Galton (whose great-great-great nephew he was)
A Persian Critic (1923)
The Whispering Gallery: Leaves from a Diplomat's Diary (1926) fictional diary, published as an anonymous hoax
Iron Rations (1928) stories
Doctor Darwin (1930) on Erasmus Darwin
Ventilations: Being Biographical Asides (1930)
The Fool of Love. A Life of William Hazlitt (1934)
The Smith of Smiths, Being The Life, Wit and Humour of Sydney Smith (1934)
Common Misquotations (1934) editor
Gilbert and Sullivan: A Biography (1935)
The Swan of Lichfield being a selection from the correspondence of Anna Seward (1936) editor
Labby: The Life and Character of Henry Labouchere (1936)
Tom Paine. Friend of Mankind: a Biography (1937)
Thinking It Over (1938)
Skye High: The Record of a Tour through Scotland in the Wake of Samuel Johnson and James Boswell (1938) with Hugh Kingsmill
This Blessed Plot (1942)
A Life of Shakespeare: With An Anthology of Shakespeare's Poetry (1942)
Bernard Shaw : His Life and Personality (1942) also G.B.S. A Full Length Portrait (US)
Conan Doyle: His Life and Art (1943)
Oscar Wilde, His Life and Wit (1946)
Talking of Dick Whittington (1947) with Hugh Kingsmill
The Hero of Delhi (1948) on John Nicholson
Dickens, his character, comedy, and career (1949)
G.B.S. A Postscript (1950)
The Last Actor-Managers (1950)
Essays of Oscar Wilde (1950) editor
Dizzy; the life and personality of Benjamin Disraeli, Earl of Beaconsfield (1951)
The Man Whistler (1952)- (J A McNeill - Whistler)
Walter Scott: His Life and Personality (1954)
Beerbohm Tree: His Life & Laughter (1956)
Gilbert: His Life and Strife (1957)- (W S Gilbert)
Johnson and Boswell: the Story of Their Lives (1958)
Merry Monarch, the Life and Likeness of Charles II (1960)
The Pilgrim Daughters (1961) Marrying Americans (US)
Lives of the Wits (1962)
Henry of Navarre (1963)
Hesketh Pearson, By Himself (1965) autobiography
Extraordinary People (1965) biographical essays
Charles II: His Life and Likeness
About Kingsmill (Co-author with Malcolm Muggeridge - regarding Hugh Kingsmill) 
Ingrams, Richard (1977) God's Apology: A Chronicle of Three Friends
Hunter, Ian (1987) Nothing to Repent : The Life of Hesketh Pearson
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